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XCP光电测试(16)喂饱了的欧拉好猫能跑多远?

光电测试(shi) 作者: XCP赵信杰 2021-09-05

欧(ou)拉好猫,一(yi)辆超级可爱,在城(cheng)市中(zhong)超级吸睛(jing)的(de)纯(chun)电动车(che)。作为欧(ou)拉在售产品(pin)中(zhong)最高端的(de)车(che)型,他拥有着欧(ou)拉品(pin)牌中(zhong)最大的(de)车(che)身尺寸(cun)、最豪华的(de)车(che)内装潢,最高端的(de)电池(chi)配置, 标称NEDC续航(hang)里程501km,也是欧(ou)拉最长(zhang)续航(hang)里程版本。

虽然(ran)大部分买(mai)好猫的用户,主(zhu)要还是在(zai)城市里面短途代(dai)步用,但为(wei)(wei)了做(zuo)到心中有(you)数(shu),咱们打算还是把好猫拉上高(gao)速测试(shi)一(yi)下到底能跑多远(yuan),给(ji)大家做(zuo)个参考。新车评光电测试(shi)主(zhu)要以(yi)高(gao)速工(gong)况为(wei)(wei)主(zhu),充满电就上高(gao)速环路(lu),压着100km/h的限速跑,跑到快没电下来(lai)耗尽最(zui)后(hou)一(yi)点电,达(da)到光电看看能跑多远(yuan)。大致来(lai)说,就是模仿(fang)车主(zhu)小(xiao)长途出行了。

测试条件和工况

这(zhei)(zhei)一次我们测(ce)试(shi)(shi)拿到(dao)的(de)(de)是(shi)官方指导价(jia)为14.39万元的(de)(de)欧拉好(hao)猫500km波塞(sai)冬版(顶配(pei)),配(pei)备了最(zui)大(da)功率为105kW的(de)(de)前(qian)轴永磁同步电机、容量为59.1kWh的(de)(de)蜂巢能源三(san)元锂电池组和液冷系统,这(zhei)(zhei)个(ge)价(jia)位给(ji)到(dao)这(zhei)(zhei)样的(de)(de)配(pei)置(zhi)可以说是(shi)相(xiang)当高端了。但(dan)是(shi)这(zhei)(zhei)些(xie)高级的(de)(de)电池配(pei)置(zhi)能否在实际测(ce)试(shi)(shi)中发挥出它应有(you)的(de)(de)威力(li),在充电过程(cheng)中帮助(zhu)又有(you)多大(da)呢?

行程(cheng)(cheng)路况方(fang)面,全程(cheng)(cheng)非高(gao)速路段(duan)路程(cheng)(cheng)仅为3km,当续(xu)航里程(cheng)(cheng)不足时就(jiu)近下(xia)高(gao)速,到(dao)附近的充电(dian)桩兜圈至(zhi)趴窝(wo)状态,最后的总行驶里程(cheng)(cheng)就(jiu)是光电(dian)测(ce)试最终成(cheng)绩。由于绝大(da)多数(shu)路段(duan)为高(gao)速公路,因此本次测(ce)试的平均(jun)速度将会更高(gao),对欧拉好猫真实续(xu)航里程(cheng)(cheng)的考验更大(da)。

(本(ben)图不代表测试(shi)时真(zhen)实(shi)路况)

测试过程

测试(shi)开始时(shi)(shi)表显(xian)续(xu)(xu)航为(wei)501km。我们今天运气(qi)也算(suan)不错,除了(le)(le)(le)(le)在环(huan)城高(gao)速(su)(su)(su)因为(wei)车(che)(che)流量略大(da),平均时(shi)(shi)速(su)(su)(su)降(jiang)低至50km/h以外,全程(cheng)基本没有遇到太(tai)多拥堵路况。上(shang)(shang)到佛山(shan)一(yi)环(huan)之(zhi)后,平均时(shi)(shi)速(su)(su)(su)也去(qu)到了(le)(le)(le)(le)80km/h以上(shang)(shang),最高(gao)的(de)(de)时(shi)(shi)候竟去(qu)到了(le)(le)(le)(le)85km/h。一(yi)般来说像欧拉(la)好猫这样的(de)(de)两厢(xiang)车(che)(che)在高(gao)速(su)(su)(su)行驶时(shi)(shi)因为(wei)车(che)(che)尾巨大(da)的(de)(de)真空区(qu),风阻会(hui)比(bi)(bi)同尺寸三(san)厢(xiang)车(che)(che)大(da)一(yi)些,但(dan)欧拉(la)好猫的(de)(de)流线型车(che)(che)身(shen)让其风阻系数(shu)限(xian)制在了(le)(le)(le)(le)0.289,也算(suan)是比(bi)(bi)较优秀了(le)(le)(le)(le)。但(dan)是永磁同步电(dian)机在高(gao)速(su)(su)(su)运转过程(cheng)中效(xiao)率的(de)(de)降(jiang)低,也会(hui)对续(xu)(xu)航里(li)程(cheng)造成较大(da)的(de)(de)影响。

从测试过(guo)程看,欧(ou)拉好(hao)猫也(ye)表(biao)现(xian)(xian)出了典型的(de)“越(yue)往后续(xu)(xu)航(hang)越(yue)虚”的(de)现(xian)(xian)象。而(er)且续(xu)(xu)航(hang)“虚”的(de)程度与测试速度密切相关(guan)。在(zai)前(qian)50km路段,由于在(zai)环城(cheng)高速上行驶速度偏低,平均速度只(zhi)有大约58km/h,所以表(biao)显续(xu)(xu)航(hang)和真实续(xu)(xu)航(hang)的(de)比例也(ye)能达到80%。但随着测试速度的(de)提升和路况改善(shan),欧(ou)拉好(hao)猫续(xu)(xu)航(hang)的(de)水(shui)分被我们(men)一点(dian)一点(dian)地拧出来(lai)了。

我们(men)在(zai)佛山一环绕行了(le)(le)(le)两圈之后(hou),表显续航就(jiu)只(zhi)(zhi)剩下(xia)了(le)(le)(le)23km,这时(shi)候和我一起测试的家俊老师就(jiu)开始找充电(dian)(dian)站。到(dao)了(le)(le)(le)表显续航只(zhi)(zhi)剩下(xia)12km时(shi),整(zheng)车(che)空调关闭,但(dan)我们(men)此(ci)时(shi)还(hai)(hai)在(zai)高速上以100km/h的速度(du)狂奔(ben)着(zhe)。眼看离目(mu)标高速出(chu)口还(hai)(hai)有5km,目(mu)标充电(dian)(dian)站还(hai)(hai)有大约9km的路程。我们(men)开始慌(huang)了(le)(le)(le),于是(shi)(shi)把速度(du)降到(dao)80km/h,而(er)且还(hai)(hai)在(zai)35°C的高温天气下(xia)打(da)开了(le)(le)(le)车(che)窗。但(dan)是(shi)(shi)欧拉好猫此(ci)时(shi)并(bing)没有限制功率输出(chu)或者亮乌龟灯。好猫这样的机(ji)制还(hai)(hai)是(shi)(shi)优(you)先保证(zheng)动力相(xiang)关用电(dian)(dian),可(ke)以让驾驶(shi)者在(zai)找到(dao)充电(dian)(dian)桩之前(qian)尽可(ke)能(neng)行驶(shi)更长的里程。

表显续航降到10km以下时(shi)直接不显示了(le),这让我(wo)们更慌(huang)了(le)。好在这时(shi)候也离高速出口不远(yuan)了(le)。在目标充(chong)电站附(fu)近(jin)兜一两圈(quan)之后欧拉好猫彻底趴窝,最终实测续航里(li)程定格在了(le)367.4km。

充电测试

把好(hao)猫推到充(chong)(chong)电(dian)(dian)桩之后我们(men)就开(kai)始进行充(chong)(chong)电(dian)(dian)测试。这一(yi)次我们(men)在万城万充(chong)(chong)位于(yu)(yu)南海华泓商业城的直流快充(chong)(chong)桩进行充(chong)(chong)电(dian)(dian),开(kai)启(qi)充(chong)(chong)电(dian)(dian)能(neng)一(yi)次过成功。充(chong)(chong)电(dian)(dian)功率最高能(neng)达到50kW,对于(yu)(yu)欧拉好(hao)猫这款车(che)来说(shuo)也算(suan)(suan)是非常不(bu)错(cuo)了。但在充(chong)(chong)满70%之后充(chong)(chong)电(dian)(dian)功率就开(kai)始下(xia)降,到了90%之后充(chong)(chong)电(dian)(dian)功率仅(jin)为11kW。最终充(chong)(chong)满电(dian)(dian)时长为1小(xiao)时29分(fen)钟,一(yi)共(gong)给欧拉好(hao)猫充(chong)(chong)进了59.210kWh的电(dian)(dian)量。充(chong)(chong)电(dian)(dian)原价为81.71元(yuan)(yuan),优惠(hui)后只需支付63.33元(yuan)(yuan),换算(suan)(suan)下(xia)来每公里仅(jin)需0.172元(yuan)(yuan),按当前92号油价计算(suan)(suan)约合百公里油耗仅(jin)为2.44L。

对比实际(ji)续(xu)航(hang)和工信部续(xu)航(hang),欧拉好猫(mao)501km波塞冬版的续(xu)航(hang)表现大概要打上7.3折(zhe),在(zai)我(wo)们已经(jing)进行光(guang)电测试(shi)的车型(xing)中也不算优(you)秀。实际(ji)续(xu)航(hang)则在(zai)光(guang)电测试(shi)排(pai)行榜(bang)中排(pai)名(ming)第(di)14,优(you)于东风(feng)本田(tian)M-NV,次(ci)于特斯拉Model 3标准续(xu)航(hang)后驱(qu)版。

测完之后的一些心里话……

测试(shi)结束之后我也(ye)想和(he)大家分享一(yi)下(xia)近来试(shi)驾(jia)纯(chun)电(dian)(dian)(dian)动(dong)车(che)(che)的(de)(de)一(yi)些(xie)感受(shou)。其实我这(zhei)个老旧燃(ran)油车(che)(che)爱好者来到新车(che)(che)评之后开(kai)过(guo)的(de)(de)纯(chun)电(dian)(dian)(dian)动(dong)车(che)(che)也(ye)不少了(le)。在(zai)能源花费上(shang),纯(chun)电(dian)(dian)(dian)动(dong)车(che)(che)确实有着无(wu)可比拟(ni)的(de)(de)优势(shi)。但续(xu)航和(he)充(chong)(chong)(chong)电(dian)(dian)(dian)给我带来的(de)(de)焦(jiao)虑感一(yi)直(zhi)在(zai)我心头上(shang)挥之不去。因为一(yi)辆(liang)纯(chun)电(dian)(dian)(dian)动(dong)车(che)(che)送到我手上(shang),我一(yi)定会(hui)在(zai)充(chong)(chong)(chong)电(dian)(dian)(dian)过(guo)程中体(ti)验到至少一(yi)次(ci)找不到地图软件(jian)上(shang)的(de)(de)没去过(guo)的(de)(de)充(chong)(chong)(chong)电(dian)(dian)(dian)站(zhan)、充(chong)(chong)(chong)电(dian)(dian)(dian)无(wu)法(fa)开(kai)始或意外的(de)(de)充(chong)(chong)(chong)电(dian)(dian)(dian)中止。好在(zai)这(zhei)些(xie)时候车(che)(che)的(de)(de)电(dian)(dian)(dian)量(liang)足够(gou)我去寻(xun)找其它的(de)(de)充(chong)(chong)(chong)电(dian)(dian)(dian)站(zhan),但在(zai)充(chong)(chong)(chong)电(dian)(dian)(dian)上(shang)耗费的(de)(de)时间(jian)和(he)精力其实已经非常令人(ren)抓狂了(le)。更不用(yong)说好像(xiang)光电(dian)(dian)(dian)测试(shi)这(zhei)样(yang)跑到趴窝,推(tui)到充(chong)(chong)(chong)电(dian)(dian)(dian)站(zhan)的(de)(de)时候才发(fa)现(xian)充(chong)(chong)(chong)电(dian)(dian)(dian)桩无(wu)法(fa)使用(yong),需要(yao)召(zhao)唤拖车(che)(che)时,就(jiu)会(hui)更加(jia)麻烦。

事实(shi)证(zheng)明选择规模(mo)更大(da)、更加靠谱的充(chong)电(dian)(dian)(dian)服务供应商,抑或是在(zai)充(chong)电(dian)(dian)(dian)低峰时(shi)期进行充(chong)电(dian)(dian)(dian),对于(yu)充(chong)电(dian)(dian)(dian)质量也是有(you)保证(zheng)的。在(zai)测试的前一晚,我在(zai)家附近的盈熙充(chong)电(dian)(dian)(dian)站(仅那里一站)为(wei)好(hao)猫充(chong)电(dian)(dian)(dian)时(shi),有(you)几(ji)个因(yin)为(wei)故(gu)障(zhang)而无法使(shi)(shi)用的充(chong)电(dian)(dian)(dian)桩没有(you)任何提示该桩故(gu)障(zhang),直到我停好(hao)车(che),把重重的充(chong)电(dian)(dian)(dian)插头(tou)插到车(che)上了才(cai)发现(xian)充(chong)电(dian)(dian)(dian)桩故(gu)障(zhang),非(fei)常影(ying)响使(shi)(shi)用体验。其次(ci),受(shou)制于(yu)充(chong)电(dian)(dian)(dian)设施老旧(jiu)和(he)同时(shi)充(chong)电(dian)(dian)(dian)车(che)辆较(jiao)多,最高充(chong)电(dian)(dian)(dian)功率仅为(wei)31kW,同样是大(da)约一个半小时(shi)的时(shi)间,在(zai)盈熙充(chong)电(dian)(dian)(dian)站只能充(chong)大(da)约70%的电(dian)(dian)(dian),差距就(jiu)比较(jiao)大(da)了。

充(chong)电(dian)(dian)过程中出现的种种麻烦和(he)乱象阻碍了像我(wo)这(zhei)(zhei)样没有固定车(che)位,只能(neng)依靠公共充(chong)电(dian)(dian)桩进行充(chong)电(dian)(dian)的用(yong)户选择电(dian)(dian)动(dong)车(che)。公共充(chong)电(dian)(dian)桩提(ti)供的服务出现问题时,纯(chun)电(dian)(dian)动(dong)车(che)的使(shi)用(yong)体验就会大打折(zhe)扣。这(zhei)(zhei)个问题根源(yuan)在哪、该如何解决,我(wo)会找时间跟大家(jia)细说。

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